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The structure of the elevator

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The structure of the elevator

PUBLISH TIME: 2021-04-09

What is the structure of the elevator? Let's see.

 

Space: machine room part, shaft and pit part, car part, landing part.

 

Traction system: The main function of the traction system is to output and transmit power to make the elevator run. The traction system is mainly composed of a traction machine, a traction wire rope, a guide wheel, and an anti-rope wheel.

 

Guiding system: The main function of the guiding system is to limit the freedom of movement of the car and the counterweight, so that the car and the counterweight can only move up and down along the guide rail. The guiding system is mainly composed of guide rail, guide shoe and guide rail frame.

The structure of the elevator

 

Car: The car is the elevator component that transports passengers and goods, and is the working part of the elevator. The car is composed of a car frame and a car body.

 

Door system: The main function of the door system is to seal the landing entrance and the car entrance. The door system is composed of car door, landing door, door opener and door lock device.

 

Weight balance system: The main function of the system is to relatively balance the weight of the car. During elevator operation, the weight difference between the car and the counterweight can be kept within the limit to ensure the normal traction transmission of the elevator. The system is mainly composed of counterweight and weight compensation device.

 

Electric drive system: The function of the electric drive system is to provide power and implement elevator speed control. The electric drive system is composed of a traction motor, a power supply system, a speed feedback device, and a motor speed control device.

 

Electrical control system: The main function of the electrical control system is to manipulate and control the operation of the elevator. The electrical control system is mainly composed of operating device, position display device, control panel (cabinet), leveling device, layer selector, etc.

 

Safety protection system: to ensure the safe use of elevators and prevent all accidents that endanger personal safety. It is composed of elevator speed limiter, safety gear, rope clamp, buffer, safety touch panel, landing door lock, elevator safety window, elevator overload limiting device, and limit switch device.

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